Types of Pecans

Published on: Dec 22 2010 by Shenron

Pecan is a type of nut indigenous to the North America, i.e. from Texas to Illinois. Pecan is an American Indian word which is used in variety of forms in languages of different tribes. The Indians were the one who used pecan for food long before the European invaders came. The Indians used these pecans widely in their foods from pressing the oils for seasoning to ground them into meal to thicken stews. They also used pecans with beans and roasted them for long hunting trips. Pecans are still enjoyed in present day, but the quality and size of the nut has improved significantly over the time.

The pecan trees grow best in zones 6-9 in southern conditions. Long warm growing season with an optimum temperature at night are the best suitable conditions for the production of pecans. Pecan tree is a large 150 feet tall tree with a spreading canopy and dark green foliage. At north of the Hican, a cross between a pecan and a hickory tree are grown as these show more resistant against the cold weather.

Cape Fear

Cape Fear is a kind of pecan tree that grows upright with a deep taproot. It bears nuts with a mildly thick shell, having broad oval or oblong shape. Cape fear is native to the North Carolina area.


Elliot pecan trees are common in northwest Florida. Elliot pecan trees can cross pollinate to the desirables and Cape Fears. These trees have strong taproots and bear nuts with moderately thick round shell with pointed tips.


These pecan trees bear nuts with uneven, thick shells. Desirables, though, indigenous to Mississippi, also flourish in places like Florida and Georgia. They bear good pollinating properties.


Moreland pecan trees are found in abundant in Louisiana. These trees normally produce a dense canopy. Moreland normally have thin shells with a shape slightly vary from oval to oblong.

Gloria Grande

These are the pecan trees found in South Carolina. These are strong trees that grow straight or upright. These trees produce large nuts with oblong shape, having rounded tip with base packed in moderately thick shells.


Stuart pecan trees are found in southeastern United States and many other parts of the world. Generally, considered as strong and sturdy trees, it takes 10 years for them to bear fruit. The tree bear nut of varying shape, i.e. from oval to oblong with moderately thick shells. You can cross pollinate the Stuart with desirables and other trees.

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