Types of Dogs

Published on: Dec 31 2010 by Shenron

Dogs are perhaps the best friend of man among the animals. There are over 800 species of dogs with different colors and sizes exist on earth.

As we have said above that there are over 800 species of dogs and there are about 45 million dogs on the earth.  It is for this reason, dogs are considered as currently the largest animal that exists in the world. There are numerous types of dogs, which differentiate from each other in terms of color, shapes, and sizes. Few dogs can grow half a meter and others species can grow several meters.

There are different types of dogs, some are domestic and others are wild types, which are very rare, dangerous and live far from the populated lands. Dogs are used for many reasons. Some people simply love them and others used them as a guardian or guide. Scientific research reveals that dogs are living on this earth for about 8,000 years. There is an old myth that the dog first met with the man somewhere in Asia and became his friend.

Most Popular Breeds (US)

Labrador Retriever

It is one of the most popular breeds and was once known as ‘St. John’s Dogs’. These dogs belong to Newfoundland, Canada. They were trained to haul the fishermen’s net to shore. Somewhere around 1800s, this dog brought to England and developed the skills as retriever. For this reason it is given this current name. This type of dog gets mature at the age of 3. The popular colors for this dog are brown, gold and black, however there are many others. Due to their otter-like tails and webbed toes, they are considered as good swimmers.

Cocker Spaniel

These are originated from United Kingdom and were brought to United States and Canada somewhere in 1800s. These dogs come under the sporting breed group. It is a versatile dog of small size. In past, this dog was used to flush out game and prey from the bushes. Their current name is given to them because they are used to hunt the woodcock in England. Apart from its versatility, it is also considered as competitive, show dog, a good companion hunter and a kind therapy dog. There are two major varieties of Cocker Spaniel: the England Cocker Spaniel and the American Cocker Spaniel. The difference between the two is that the American variety is a bit taller with a shorter back, has a shorter snout, longer neck and a luxurious coat.

English Springer Spaniel

This dog breed is considered as an affectionate, excitable with an average lifespan of twelve to fourteen years. Originally, it is a breed of gun dog used for flushing and retrieving game in the past. This is descended from the mid 19th century’s Norfolk or Shropshire Spaniels and diverged into separate show and work lines. The English Springer Spaniel is in close association with the Welsh Springer Spaniel and the English Cocker Spaniel. In many countries, this dog is used as sniffer dogs. The term ‘Springer’ is given to them for their historic role of hunting.

German Shepherd

The German shepherd originated from Wurttemberg, Thurginia, and Bavaria. Von Stephanitz and some other people are responsible for the bred of this dog type. The first German Shepherd was registered in 1899. In past, it was bred for herding of sheep. This dog type is known for its tracking, obedience, protective and guarding nature. Because of their strength and intelligence, these dogs are most commonly found working in police, as guardian, therapy, search and rescue, in military, and as a guide. The name was changed after the First World War to Alsatian, but the original name has officially recognized again in recent few years.

Staffordshire Bull Terrier

This dog type is also known as staffie or staffy. It is a medium size dog with short coat. Previously, it was bred to kill mice and rats. It is known as English breed. There is another breed of this type called the American Staffordshire Bull Terrier, a comparatively larger type. This dog has its origin in Staffordshire, England. In 19th century, it was cross bred with bulldogs and was used for the defunct sport of bull baiting.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

It is a small breed of Spaniel type dog and is most popular in United Kingdom. In most of the kennel clubs, it is classed as a toy dog. It has a silky coat and an undocked tail. It is found in four colors, i.e. Blenheim, Tricolor (black, white, and tan), Black and Tan, and Ruby. As it is a smaller breed, its adult is more often of the same size as adolescent dogs of the other Spaniel dogs. It is an affectionate and friendly breed. It has gained some popularity in the United States, since 2000.

Golden Retriever

This is a very versatile breed of dogs developed as gun dogs to get the waterfowl and game, during hunting. It is a very friendly, intelligent, lovable, patient and gentle breed which can be used as watchdogs as they can be easily trained, though have very little of that guarding instincts. These dogs are often used for illegal drug detection, hunting and as guide dogs. They usually enjoy the company of the people, usually don’t uncomfortable in the presence of strangers.

West Highland White Terrier

The West Highland White Terrier is commonly known as Westie. It has its origin in Scotland. Previously, it was used to seek and dig out foxes and badgers. It has a body covered with a distinctive white coat. The dog is recognized through its use as a mascot for many companies such as Black & White (a brand of Scotch whisky), Cesar (a brand known for dog’s food) and there are many others.


A stocky, medium-sized and short-haired dog, the boxer was first developed in Germany. This breed of dog was bred from the bulldog, i.e. from the extinct Bullensheiser and part of the molosser group. It can be assumed that the term ‘boxer’ might be derived from its tendency to play by standing on its hind legs and moving its front paws as if boxing.

Border Terrier

The Border Terrier is a small breed of dog which was in fact bred to hunt the vermin and fox and also used to hunt otters and badgers. The Border Terrier is originally bred from Dandie Dinmont Terriers and Bedlington Terriers. It is known as the Border Terrier because this breed is come from the border between the England and Scotland.

Yorkshire Terrier

It is another breed of Terrier type. The Yorkshire Terrier is a small breed which was first developed in the historical area of Yorkshire, England somewhere in 1800s. The prominent features of the breed include its small size with a weight around 3.2kg, and silky blue and tan coat. The Fédération Cynologique Internationale has placed this breed in the Toy Terrier section of the Terrior Group and other groups such as kennel clubs have placed in the Toy Group or Companion Group. All of them agree at the point that the breed has come from Terrier. It is also known as Yorkie, a winning show dog, and a popular companion dog. It has also been a part of the development of other breeds like Australian Silky Terrier.


The Beagle is a member of the Hound Group and can be seen either as a small or medium-sized dog. It is pretty much like a Foxhound in its appearance but is comparatively smaller, having shorter legs, and long, softer ears. This breed is known as scent hounds, used originally for tracking hare, rabbit and other game. As they have strong sense of smell and tracking instinct, they are used as detection dogs for prohibited agricultural imports and foodstuffs in the quarantine across the world. Beagles are very intelligent and famous pet animal for their size, temper and lack of inherited health problems.


The Dachshund is breed of dog belongs to the Hound family. It is a short-legged, elongated dog breed. The standard size dachshund was originally bred to scent, chase and flush (spring) out the badgers and other burrow dwelling animals. However, the miniature dachshund was bred to hunt the smaller prey such as rabbits, hares etc. In the American West, these dogs are used to hunt prairie dogs.


Another breed of dog known as the Poodle is found in many different varieties such as toy, miniature, and standard. This breed of dog belongs to the retrievers or gun dogs. The poodle is found in many different colors such as silver, brown, apricot, blue, black, white, and red. They are considered as the good swimmer.

Miniature Schnauzer

Miniature Schnauzer originated in second half of the nineteenth century in Germany and as the name suggest, it is a breed of smaller dog. It is a breed of dog that developed from crosses between the Standard Schnauzer and one or more smaller breeds such as Affenpinscher and the Poodle.

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